Monday, 18 September 2017

Question Of The Day, The Nursing Process
Q. The nurse is assigning tasks to unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP) for a client with an abdominal hysterectomy on the first postoperative day. Which of the following can NOT be delegated to the UAP?

A. Taking vital signs.
B. Recording intake and output.
C. Giving perineal care.
D. Assessing the incision site.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: The registered nurse is responsible for monitoring the surgical site for condition of the dressing, status of the incision, and signs and symptoms of complications. Unlicensed assistive personnel who have been trained to report abnormalities to the registered nurse supervising the care may take vital signs, record intake and output, and give perineal care.

Thursday, 14 September 2017

Q. The nurse-manager of a home health facility includes which item in the capital budget?

A. Salaries and benefits for her staff
B. A $1,200 computer upgrade
C. Office supplies
D. Client-education materials costing $300




Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Capital budgets generally include items valued at more than $500. Salaries and benefits are part of the personnel budget. Office supplies and client education materials are part of the operating budget.

Tuesday, 12 September 2017

Q. Which of the following alert the nurse to possible internal bleeding in a client who has undergone pulmonary lobectomy 2 days ago?

A. Increased blood pressure and decreased pulse and respiratory rates.
B. Sanguineous drainage from the chest tube at a rate of 50 ml/hour during the past 3 hours.
C. Restlessness and shortness of breath.
D. Urine output of 180 ml during the past 3 hours.

Correct Answer: C
Explanation: Restlessness indicates cerebral hypoxia due to decreased circulating volume. Shortness of breath occurs because blood collecting in the pleural space faster than suction can remove it prevents the lung from reexpanding. Increased blood pressure and decreased pulse and respiratory rates are classic late signs of increased intracranial pressure. Decreasing blood pressure and increasing pulse and respiratory rates occur with hypovolemic shock. Sanguineous drainage that changes to serosanguineous drainage at a rate less than 100 ml/hour is normal in the early postoperative period. Urine output of 180 ml over the past 3 hours indicates normal kidney perfusion.

Monday, 11 September 2017

Question Of The Day, Neurosensory Disorders
Q. A client is receiving an I.V. infusion of mannitol (Osmitrol) after undergoing intracranial surgery to remove a brain tumor. To determine whether this drug is producing its therapeutic effect, the nurse should consider which finding most significant?

A. Decreased level of consciousness (LOC)
B. Elevated blood pressure
C. Increased urine output
D. Decreased heart rate

Correct Answer: C
Explanation: The therapeutic effect of mannitol is diuresis, which is confirmed by an increased urine output. A decreased LOC and elevated blood pressure may indicate lack of therapeutic effectiveness. A decreased heart rate doesn't indicate that mannitol is effective.

Saturday, 9 September 2017

If you are preparing to graduate nursing school this semester or still have few semesters left, it’s always a great idea to start building your resume and add to it as you progress through your program.

Job-Seeker’s Journal: Preparing Your Resume in Nursing School
For the most effective nursing school resume, it’s best to start early.

As I embark on my final weeks of nursing school, here are some tips that I have learned while writing my resume. Remember, there are many ways to construct a resume, so it’s important to find a format that best showcases your unique achievements, skills, and experiences. Here are a few tips to help you get started:

Know what nursing recruiters look for in a resume  


Nursing recruiters are always looking for a stand-out candidate that will bring something to their nursing staff.  Before you even get an interview, nurse recruiters will evaluate you based on your resume alone, so it’s important to have a unique resume. Typically, they look for a resume that looks professional, highlights your achievements, includes your recent and relevant work history as it pertains to the position you are applying for, references, and recommendation letters from your professors and/or clinical instructors.

How to stand out from the nursing student crowd


When I first started to write my resume, I thought it was great and that it hit the major components of what should be in a resume. And then I looked at a few of my peers’ resumes and I realized they were all basically the same. Next, I found a new template to use and formatted my information accordingly. It’s important to avoid using bright colors and dizzy fonts—keep it simple and clean, so it’s easy for the nurse recruiter to read. I always have a hard time getting my resume to fit on one page, but I managed to include only the things that will help me to get the job as a nurse. Depending on who you ask, some people will say you absolutely need it on one page, and others may say that rule doesn’t stand so much today (just don’t exceed 2!).

What skills to include showcase yourself


Most importantly, make sure you have any information listed that will showcase your talents and potential as a nurse on the unit applying for. The first draft of my resume listed skills such as Microsoft Word, Excel, and PowerPoint—all great skills, but not those nursing recruiters are most interested in. I tweaked my resume to more strongly showcase my skills of working well in groups, teamwork, utilizing critical thinking, evidence based-knowledge, and incorporating QSEN (Quality and Safety Education for Nurses) into my nursing practice.

Again, one of the hardest parts of writing my resume was narrowing it down to about a page while still highlighting my skills and achievements. It’s important to look great on paper, but don’t forget the actual interview is where you will really want to shine.

Utilize your professors with letters of recommendation


With your stellar resume, nursing recruiters really want to see letters of recommendations.  I was told this in my nursing program as well, and I think it’s important to include 1-2 letters of recommendations with your resume. This is a way for nursing recruiters to hear about your work ethic and skills from someone who has worked closely with you and has seen you learn and grow.

It’s always a great idea to ask a professor that you developed a great rapport with or a clinical instructor. These are the people that have been with you day in and day out of your nursing program, and can really vouch for you as a student, person, and nurse.

Writing a resume can seem challenging, but think of it as your calling card. Many places ask you to apply by submitting your resume through the internet, and if they like what they see there, they will call you in for an interview. If you have a great resume, it helps to get your foot in the door for an interview, which will hopefully lead to a job as a registered nurse.

Friday, 8 September 2017

Question Of The Day, Immune and Hematologic Disorders
Q. A client with pernicious anemia asks why she must take vitamin B12 injections for the rest of her life. Which is the nurse's best response?

A. "The reason for your vitamin deficiency is an inability to absorb the vitamin because the stomach is not producing sufficient acid."
B. "The reason for your vitamin deficiency is an inability to absorb the vitamin because the stomach is not producing sufficient intrinsic factor."
C. "The reason for your vitamin deficiency is an excessive excretion of the vitamin because of kidney dysfunction."
D. "The reason for your vitamin deficiency is an increased requirement for the vitamin because of rapid red blood cell production."

Correct Answer: B
Explanation: Most clients with pernicious anemia have deficient production of intrinsic factor in the stomach. Intrinsic factor attaches to the vitamin in the stomach and forms a complex that allows the vitamin to be absorbed in the small intestine. The stomach is producing enough acid, there is not an excessive excretion of the vitamin, and there is not a rapid production of red blood cells in this condition.

Thursday, 7 September 2017

Starting a new position as a nurse can be stressful and overwhelming–even for the more experienced nurse. Policies and procedures can vary wildly from one nursing unit to the next, and learning where all of the essential patient care resources and supplies are housed can prove to be quite a challenge.

Nursing Job, Nursing Career, Nurse
Orientation helps you get up close and personal with your new workplace environment.

To help you focus on the essentials during this often challenging time, here are five tips that will be sure to help you get the most out of your workplace orientation:

Seek out tasks and skills in your new workplace environment


It is very important that you get as much hands-on experience during your orientation time so that when you no longer have a preceptor, you will be able to independently perform the duties of your role. A great way to ensure that you get maximum exposure to skills and tasks is to other nurses on the unit as well as your preceptor. The more you do during your orientation, the better you will perform when you are on your own.

Ask questions that go beyond the call of duty


Seeking out clarification when you do not fully understand something is one of the most important things you can do when you have a preceptor to help guide you to the answers you seek. It is recommended that you ask questions that go beyond daily responsibilities and search for a deeper understanding of the big picture. For example, understanding the rationales behind why certain wound care supplies are used versus others that you may be more familiar with allows you to learn and grow your expertise. When in doubt, seek it out!

Establish a feedback schedule with your preceptor and manager


It is important for you to receive regular and structured feedback regarding your performance during your orientation. Generally, this is done with both your preceptor as well as your direct supervisor or nurse manager. Topics during these meetings usually include: anything you may have questions about, observations made regarding your performance level, as well as your strengths and areas in need of improvement. This is also a time that you may provide feedback to your preceptor and manager about their performance in regards to helping you meet your learning needs. If there is an issue where you feel that you are not getting what you need out of the orientation, this is the best time to discuss this so that a plan for improvement may be made immediately.

Find a method of staying organized that works for you


Organization is key to keeping everything in order during an overwhelming orientation. You will be provided with lots of new information in a short period of time, so it is important that you find a way to keep everything straight. Some examples for staying organized include: creating folders to keep important documents safe and readily available, using electronic calendars for scheduling, creating step-by-step guides to facilitate your learning–especially in regards to electronic documentation, and multi-step skills or tasks–and keeping all essential nursing equipment and tools (stethoscope, scissors, pens, markers, etc.) in a designated bag, or your facility provided locker. Staying organized will help you learn more efficiently and will help to reduce the stress of an overwhelming orientation.

Remain professional and positive on the job at all times


Though it is easy to get frustrated when you are overwhelmed or stressed during an orientation, you must remain positive and professional at all times. Your first few days in your new assignment are critical in making a good impression, so be sure to smile, introduce yourself and get to know the other nurses and doctors you’ll be working with. Forming strong working relationships early on will help you ease into your new role by establishing a good team that you can depend on when you need help.
Question Of The Day, Integumentary Disorders
Q. A nurse is performing a baseline assessment of a client's skin integrity. What is the priority assessment parameter?

A. Family history of pressure ulcers
B. Presence of pressure ulcers on the client
C. Potential areas of pressure ulcer development
D. Overall risk of developing pressure ulcers



Correct Answer: D Explanation: When assessing skin integrity, the overall risk potential of developing pressure ulcers takes priority. Overall risk encompasses existing pressure ulcers as well as potential areas for development of pressure ulcers. Family history isn't important when assessing skin integrity.



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